A Level 4 autonomous trucking industry consists of vehicles transporting all goods to and from distribution centers with minimal human intervention.
- Trucks moved 9.4 billion tons of freight (68.5% of all domestic tonnage) in 2012 Source
- $642 billion in industry revenues in 2012 Source
- 878,000 active professional truck drivers in the United States. Source
- 5.6 million registered semi trailers (or tractor trailers) in the U.S. Source
- Approximately 125,000 collisions involving trucks occur in the United States every year, resulting in 60,000 injuries and 5,000 fatalities. Source
- According to the American Truck Stop Directory, there are 2,542 truck stops in the United States Source
Tractor-trailer Truck Drivers
- 586,000 heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers
- 32,000 light truck or delivery services drivers
- 17,000 industrial truck and trailer operators source
- 312,000 supporting roles Source
Couriers and Express Delivery Services
- 147,000 light truck or delivery services drivers
- 26,000 heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers
- 337,000 supporting roles Source
Grocery and Related Product Merchant Wholesalers
- 64,000 heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers
- 31,000 light truck or delivery services drivers
- 24,000 industrial truck and trailer operators Source
- 16,000 truck, heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers in mining (except oil and gas) Source
- Level 3: A human occupant is required in the cabin while the computer has control of most driving functions. Significant reduction in crashes and moving violations.
- Level 4: Cabins eliminated to streamline truck design and maximize load capacity. No human passengers.
- Trucks transport goods 24 hours a day with downtime only for fuel, loading/unloading and maintenance. Number of trucks needed declines to to maximization of the fleet’s capacity.
- Battery-electric trucks could travel indefinitely, powered by inductive charging imbedded in the highway or stopping at supercharger-compliant fast charging stations.
- Fleets of autonomous package delivery vehicles transport goods from distribution centers directly to business and homes.
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drones and quad-copters supplant human couriers to transport goods.
- Majority of the 1 million truck driving jobs in jeopardy
- Mercedes-Benz long-haul truck of the future. Visit the Site
- April 2013: Rio’s driverless trucks move 100 million tonnes.
- October 2015: 69 autonomous trucks moving 240 million tonnes. Driverless trucks move all iron ore at Rio Tinto’s Pilbara mines, in world first.
- October 2015: Convoy debutes, aiming to be the Uber of trucking. Backing from Jeff Bezos, Mark Benioff, Pierre Omidyar and Garrett Camp. Source